PTSD Information


In the field of psychology, stress is defined as a sensation of tension or burden that, although frequently perceived negatively, can vary significantly in its subjective experience. Stress, in moderate levels, is considered not only tolerable but potentially beneficial, playing a crucial role in motivating individuals and enhancing their ability to cope with challenging situations. However, when stress becomes excessive or persists over an extended period, it can have detrimental effects on an individual’s mental and physical health. Among the psychological conditions associated with prolonged or intense stress is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), a condition that arises following exposure to traumatic events and is characterized by symptoms such as persistent re-experiencing of the trauma, avoidance of trauma-related stimuli, negative changes in thoughts and mood, and heightened states of arousal.

PTSD, as a clinical diagnosis, underscores the profound impact that traumatic events can have on an individual’s psychological well-being. It is not uncommon for individuals with PTSD to experience a range of symptoms that significantly impair their daily functioning and quality of life. The disorder can develop after a person has been exposed to one or multiple traumatic events, such as warfare, natural disasters, serious accidents, or personal assaults. The condition highlights the complex interplay between psychological stressors and their long-term impact on mental health.

Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (cPTSD), while related to PTSD, is distinguished by its development in response to prolonged, repetitive trauma, often occurring over months or years. cPTSD encompasses the core symptoms of PTSD along with additional symptoms such as difficulties in emotional regulation, a persistent sense of threat, and problems with self-concept. This condition illustrates the profound and enduring effects of sustained, repetitive stress and trauma on an individual’s psychological state and underscores the necessity for effective diagnosis and treatment strategies.

The relationship between stress, PTSD, and cPTSD and their impact on health is not confined to psychological symptoms. Research indicates that prolonged exposure to stress can increase the risk of various physical health conditions, including cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes, gastrointestinal issues like ulcers, and a weakened immune response. These findings suggest a complex interconnection between psychological stress and physical health outcomes, highlighting the importance of addressing stress-related disorders to promote overall well-being.

The implications of stress, particularly when it transitions into chronic conditions such as PTSD and cPTSD, are multifaceted. They not only affect the mental health landscape but also have significant implications for physical health. Understanding these disorders, their causes, symptoms, and treatment options, is crucial for healthcare professionals, patients, and the general public alike. It underscores the need for comprehensive approaches to mental health care that address the full spectrum of an individual’s experience, including the long-term effects of stress and trauma. This expanded understanding of stress and its related disorders is essential for developing effective interventions and support mechanisms to mitigate their impact on individuals and communities.


The following online tests are available to assess various aspects related to PTSD.